The apes including gorillas, orang-utans, chimpanzees and 5 other species are the closest relatives to humans, what makes them interesting to observe and to research. Unfortunately they are all engendered animals.
The Genetic difference between apes and humans is between 1.6 and 7%, what makes their behavior and communication as well as social interacting familiar to us humans.
Just gorillas and chimpanzees still remain in natural habitat in parks of Rwanda and Uganda where they can be protected from poachers and loos of their habitat.
The gorillas are the biggest specie of all apes. They are known for black and grey fur and strong bodies. They can be found in most of the middle countries of Africa. They grow upto 1.75 meters and weigh from 70 – 200 kgs. Gorillas live in groups headed by a dominate silver back who heads up-to 40 members. The silverback is the oldest and strongest member of the family.
Their nomadic behavior lies within their territory and many groups derive their names from the place they live. They move around in search for food. Gorillas are vegetarians eating leaves, fruits, roots all within the forest.
In touristic aspect, you can observe gorillas in two locations – Bwindi impenetrable forest and the Virunga conservation region which splits into 3 national parks of Rwanda’s Volcanoes national park, Congo’s Virunga national park and Uganda’s Mgahinga national park.
The closest relative of all the apes, the chimpanzee is famous for a genetic difference to human between 2 – 6%, depending on the scientists.
The chimpanzee looks similar to the gorilla but is smaller and has an other face color of skin. But what really makes them different to gorillas is the social behavior. While the gorillas chose the strongest male for their leader, the chimpanzee who lead the family has a combination of physical and social advantage over other animals. To become a leader they need strong relationships to their mates.
The nutrition includes fruit, leafs and even meat. Whereas Gorillas are nomads, the Chimpanzee are settled at one certain place. Their group can reach up to 70 individuals.
Chimpanzees are far more dangerous than other apes, they are more clever and work in teams. Some serious accidents with humans and other apes are known.
Large herds of chimpanzees can be spotted in Kibale national park in Uganda, a less population in Budongo forest Murchison falls, Kyambura gorge in Queen Elizabeth national park and in Nyungwe national park in Rwanda.